Types of pigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is characterised by the darkening of an area on the skin. It is often caused by an increased number of melanocyte cells (pigment producing cells) and/or an increased amount of pigment called melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour.
The skin produces melanin as a protection mechanism for your skin cells, however over exposure or repeated exposure to the various contributing factors result in excess melanin deposits in the skin. Although darker skin types tend to struggle more with hyperpigmentation, it can affect people of any race. It is a very difficult condition to treat. The type of treatment is dependent on the depth of the pigment.
EPIDERMAL (SUPERFICIAL) HYPERPIGMENTATION
This can generally be treated effectively with cosmeceutical products, peels and an OPL laser, such as our Max G or YS hand pieces.
DERMAL (DEEPER) HYPERPIGMENTATION
Due to the depth of this pigment, cosmeceuticals are less effective in reducing its appearance. However, when combined with our non-ablative laser (1540 handpiece) the correct products can reduce the extent of the pigment within the dermis. This type is the most resistant and unfortunately tends to re-occur.
COMBINATION OF EPIDERMAL & DERMAL HYPERPIGMENTATION
Certain cosmeceuticals, combined with epidermal and/or dermal professional treatments, may assist in reducing the extent of this pigment.